KEJANG DEMAM DAN EPILEPSI

Anak yang menderita kejang demam mungkin berkembang menjadi penderita epilepsi. Penelitian yang dilakukan oleh The American National Collaborative Perinatal Project mengidentifikasi 3 faktor resiko, yaitu :

  1. Adanya riwayat epilepsi pada orang tua atau saudara kandung
  2. Terdapat kelainan neurologis sebelum KD pertama
  3. Kejang demam bersifat kompleks (berlangsung lama atau fokal, atau multipel selama 1 hari

Mereka yang memiliki salah satu faktor resiko diatas kemungkinan menjadi epilepsi adalah 2%. Bila terdapat 2 atau lebih kemungkinan menjadi epilepsi adalah 10% . Bila tanpa faktor resiko diatas kemungkinannya adalah 1,6%.

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