• Rutter M, Bailey A, Bolton P, Le Couteur A Autism and known medical conditions: myth and substance. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1994; 35:311-322 [Medline]
  • Smalley S Autism and tuberous sclerosis. J Autism Dev Disord. 1998; 28:407-414 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Feinstein C, Reiss A. Autism: the point of view from fragile X studies. J Autism Dev Disord. 1998;28(special issue):393-406
  • Chess S Autism in children with congenital rubella. J Autism Child Schizophr 1971; 1:33-47 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Chess S Follow-up report on autism in congenital rubella. J Autism Child Schizophr. 1977; 7:69-81 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Hagerman R, Cronister A. Fragile X Syndrome. Diagnosis, Treatment and Research. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1996
  • Wakefield A, Murch S, Anthony A, Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, nonspecific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children. Lancet. 1998; 351:637-641 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • World Health Organization. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders Diagnostic Criteria for Research. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1993
  • American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994
  • Fombonne E. Epidemiologic investigations of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders. In: Lord C, ed. Educating Children with Autism. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences Press; In press
  • Bailey A, Le Couteur A, Gottesman I, Autism as a strongly genetic disorder: evidence from a British twin study. Psychol Med. 1995; 25:63-77 [Medline]
  • Bolton P, Macdonald H, Pickles A, A case-control family history study of autism. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1994; 35:877-900 [Medline]
  • Wakefield A, Anthony A, Murch S, Enterocolitis in children with developmental disorders. Am J Gastroenterol. 2000; 95:2285-2295 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Wakefield A MMR vaccination and autism [letter]. Lancet. 1999; 354:949-950 [Medline]
  • Fine PE Herd immunity: history, theory, practice. Epidemiol Rev. 1993; 15:265-302 [Free Full Text]
  • Magnusson P, Saemundsen E Prevalence of autism in Iceland. J Autism Dev Disord. 2001; 31:153-163 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Tuchman R, Rapin I Regression in pervasive developmental disorders: seizures and epileptiform electroencephalogram correlates. Pediatrics. 1997; 99:560-566 [Abstract/Free Full Text]
  • Werner E, Munson J. Regression in Autism: A Description and Validation of the Phenomenon Using Parent Report and Home Video Tapes. Minneapolis, MN: Society for Research in Child Development; 2001
  • Taylor B, Miller E, Farrington C, Autism and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine: no epidemiological evidence for a causal association. Lancet. 1999; 353:2026-2029 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Dales L, Hammer S, Smith N Time trends in autism and MMR immunization coverage in California. JAMA. 2001; 285:1183-1185 [Abstract/Free Full Text]
  • Kaye J, Melero-Montes MdM, Jick H Mumps, measles, and rubella vaccine and the incidence of autism recorded by general practitioners: a time trend analysis. Br Med J. 2001; 322:460-463 [Abstract/Free Full Text]
  • Fombonne E, Simmons H, Ford T, Meltzer H, Goodman R Prevalence of pervasive developmental disorders in the British nationwide survey of child mental health. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2001; 40:820-827 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Fombonne E Epidemiologic surveys of autism: a review. Psychol Med. 1999; 29:769-786 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine and Autism. Report by the Immunization Safety Review Committee, Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: April 23, 2001
  • Halsey NA, Hyman SL, and the Conference Writing Panel. Measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and autistic spectrum disorder: report from the New Challenges in Childhood Immunizations Conference convened in Oak Brook, Illinois, June 12-13, 2000. Pediatrics. 2001;107(5). Available at:
  • MMR Vaccination coverage in the United Kingdom. CDR Weekly. 2001;Jan 25. Available at:
  • Lotter V Epidemiology of autistic conditions in young children: I. Prevalence. Soc Psychiatry. 1966; 1:124-137
  • Kurita H Infantile autism with speech loss before the age of thirty months. J Am Acad Child Psychiatry 1985; 24:191-196 [Medline]
  • Creak M Childhood psychosis: a review of 100 cases. Br J Psychiatry. 1963; 109:84-89
  • Wolff S, Chess S A behavioral study of schizophrenic children. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1964; 40:438-466 [Medline]
  • Wakabayashi S On infantile autism with a retrogressive shift. Jpn J Child Psychiatry. 1974; 15:215-230
  • Kobayashi R, Murata T Setback phenomenon in autism and long-term prognosis. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1998; 98:296-303 [Medline]
  • Rogers JS, Di Lalla D Age of symptom onset in young children with pervasive developmental disorders. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1990; 29:207-216
  • De Giacomo A, Fombonne E Parental recognition of developmental abnormalities in autism. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1998; 7:131-136 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Kanner L Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child. 1943; 2:217-250
  • Fombonne E Inflammatory bowel disease and autism [letter]. Lancet. 1998; 351:955 [Medline]
  • Chakrabarti S, Fombonne E Pervasive developmental disorders in preschool children. JAMA. 2001; 285:3093-3099 [Abstract/Free Full Text]
  • Lord C, Rutter M, Le Couteur A Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised: a revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 1994; 24:659-685 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Wechsler D. Manual for Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised (British amendments). Kent: Psychological Corporation; 1990
  • Stutsman R. Merrill-Palmer Scale of Mental Tests. Preprints of Part III, mental measurement of preschool children. Chicago, IL: Stoelting Co; 1948
  • Le Couteur A, Rutter M, Lord C, Autism Diagnostic Interview: a standardized investigator-based instrument. J Autism Dev Disord. 1989; 19:363-387 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Baird G, Charman T, Baron-Cohen S, A screening instrument for autism at 18 months of age: a 6-year follow-up study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2000; 39:694-702 [CrossRef][Medline]
  • Sponheim E, Skjeldal O Autism and related disorders: epidemiologic findings in a Norwegian study using ICD-10 diagnostic criteria. J Autism Dev Disord. 1998; 28:217-227 [CrossRef][Medline]

Provided By JURNAL PEDIATRI ONLINE Address: Jl Matraman 30 Jakarta Pusat 10430 phone 021-29614252 – 08131592-2012 – 08131592-2013. “Children are the world’s most valuable resource and its best hope for the future”. We are guilty of many errors and many faults. But our worst crime is abandoning the children, neglecting the fountain of life. In 1,000 days Your Children, You can change the future

Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. You should not use the information on this web site for diagnosing or treating a medical or health condition. You should carefully read all product packaging. If you have or suspect you have a medical problem, promptly contact your professional healthcare provider

Copyright ©2016, Jurnal Pediatri Online, Information Education Networking. All rights reserved


  1. Ping-balik: the Theories of Autism « CHILDREN AUTISM CLINIC·

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:


You are commenting using your account. Logout /  Ubah )

Foto Google

You are commenting using your Google account. Logout /  Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout /  Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout /  Ubah )

Connecting to %s